(20. 3. 2004)
Kommentar: I Manila har myndighetene vært meget aktive på kommersialiserings-fronten, noe som har ført til at vannforsyningen i forskjellige distrikter er eid av forskjellige firmaer. To av disse er Maynilad og Manila Water. Før privatiseringen var vannforsyningen var upålitelig, men billig. Etter privatiseringen er vannforsyningen fortsatt upålitelig, men mye, mye dyrere. Dette har ført til at en mengde grupper og frivillige organisasjoner har gått sammen om å danne initiativet the Water for the People Network, for å få presset myndighetene til å ta vannforsyningen tilbake.
Water for the People Network
Promoting people's control over water services and resources
Secretariat office: 3/F SCC Bldg., 4427 Old Sta. Mesa, Manila
Tel 713-2737· Fax 716-0108 · Email firstname.lastname@example.org
March 20, 2004
For reference: Mr. Arnold Padilla, IBON Advocacy Specialist on Water (Tel. 0917-4138232)
It's not only Maynilad - MANILA WATER INCREASED RATE BY 350%
Maynilad consumers are not the only ones burdened by rising water rates and onerous charges. Since taking over water services in the metropolitan East Zone, Manila Water rates have already increased by 350 percent. With its recent hike in foreign currency differential adjustment (FCDA), Manila Water rate increase has already totaled to P8.11 per cubic meter. From P2.32 per cubic meter in 1998, the basic tariff of Manila Water is now pegged at P10.43. The water consortium of the Ayala Corporation and three big foreign companies wants the public to believe that the recent FCDA hike has minimal impact on its consumers. But the cumulative effect of the quarterly adjustment in FCDA has significantly increased Manila Water rates.
Aside from the FCDA, Manila Water has also hiked its rates through the accelerated extraordinary price adjustment (AEPA), extraordinary price adjustment (EPA), rate rebasing, and consumer price index (CPI) adjustment. While Manila Water fulfills its financial obligations with government (unlike Maynilad), it still does not make its collections of the said items "legitimate." Increases through the FCDA, etc. do not go to investments for infrastructure upgrade and improvement in water services. These mechanisms merely protect the 'commercial viability' of the private concessionaires.
Thus, despite its huge rate increases, Maynilad has been performing miserably. While it promised to provide water supply to 4.3 million people, for instance, its actual coverage is only pegged at 3.2 million. Moreover, it committed to reduce water losses due to leaks and illegal connections (non-revenue water or NRW) to 16% but its actual NRW is a huge 53 percent. The Manila Water rate hike amid poor service performance shows how the privatization of the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) has worked against the people.
Thus, government must reverse its water privatization policy. There are fundamental contradictions between providing an essential service like water and the drive for profits of private corporations.
The Water for the People Network is a broad national network composed of the Bagong Alyansang Makabayan, IBON Foundation, Confederation for the Advancement and Recognition of Government Employees (COURAGE), Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (KMP), Cordillera People's Alliance (CPA), Center for Environmental Concerns (CEC), Kalikasan People's Network, Gabriela, Kalipunan ng Damayang Mahihirap (Kadamay) and other people's organizations, advocacy groups, non- government organizations, and community-based associations. The network campaigns for people's right to access water and water services.